Judaism And Christianity Comparison Essays

Judaism and Christianity

Judaism is one of the oldest religions whose founder is Abraham. Judaism teaches its followers that there is one Supreme Being, Yahweh, who called the founder Abraham. Yahweh gave Judaism believers a law to govern their actions and interactions. Judaism’s scriptures consist of the law (Torah), writings and prophets. These scriptures form the old testament of the bible. Christianity started with Jesus Christ. The religion proclaims one God who manifests in three distinct but equally powerful persons, that is, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Christianity embraces both the new and old testaments of the bible. Although Judaism and Christianity have several common beliefs and scriptures, both religions disagree on some beliefs and practices.

Similarities between Judaism and Christianity

Judaism and Christianity share some beliefs. Both religions believe in one supreme God and the teachings in the Old Testament. Both religions believe in the power of the Holy Spirit even though Judaism does not consider the Holy Spirit as equal with God. Both Christianity and Judaism teach about sin and its eternal punishment in hell. Traditional Judaism teachings emphasize eternal punishment for sin but modern Judaism emphasizes on temporal punishment for sins. Both Jews and Christians believe in a promised Messiah who would save the world from its sin.

Differences between Judaism and Christianity

Judaism is different from Christianity in many ways. Christianity was founded on Jesus Christ and his teachings. Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah while Judaism disregards this belief. Jews believe that Jesus Christ was just an ordinary Jew and not a messiah or a supreme being. Another difference between Judaism and Christianity is that Judaism does not acknowledge the teachings in the New Testament. These teachings form the foundation of Christianity. Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God whose death reconciled man to God. Judaism disagrees with this belief and do not value Jesus Christ’s mission on earth.

Jews believe that Jesus Christ died for his claims to divinity. He did not die to save humanity as Christians claim. Christianity considers the Holy Spirit as one of the persons of God. Judaism on the other hand considers the Holy Spirit as some divine power given to prophets in the Old Testament. Judaism teaches that prayer and repentance on the Day of Atonement achieve atonement for sin. Christianity teaches that the death of Jesus Christ was the atonement for all sin. Another difference between the two religions is that Judaism teaches salvation through good works while Christianity teaches salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.

The Similarities Between Judaism And Christianity

A question that has been raised throughout history is what is a person's relationship with God? The answer to this is that each person's relationship with God is unique. A majority of people look to God for answers. People are in search of understanding life and the happenings that surround them. When things go wrong, people turn to God for hope and understanding. There are many different religions throughout this world. These different religions reflect many different beliefs of a person's relationship with God. There are many substantial and vital similarities between the people of Judaism's relationship with God and the people of Christianity's relationship with God. Of course, there are a few differences between these two religions as well. These differences are what make two separate religions. Christianity emerged from the religion of Judaism through the figure of Jesus Christ. Jesus was originally a Hebrew, but became the founder of the new religion known as Christianity. Emerging from Judaism, Christianity and Judaism, therefore, have many similarities.

The major similarity between the people of Judaism's relationship with God and the people of Christianity's relationship with God is that both are strongly believe in Monotheism. Monotheism is the belief or doctrine in one eternal god. The Hebrews still believe that God is their special protector and he means everything to him. The truly believe that God is the most powerful figure and is always present throughout life. Christians accept the belief that God created everything. It is written in the bible that God is all-knowing. The Christians believe that God is omniscient and that he knows all possible outcomes of all possible creations of all possible universes. Christians feel that God is responsible for the creation of our universe and has chosen what its destiny will be. This also means that He has also chosen the paths of our individual lives. Due to the fact that both Judaism and Christianity are Monotheistic, both of the religion's believers express their faith in a relationship with one, true god.

Another similarity between Judaism's and Christianity's believer's relationship with God is that both religions feel that God will send a special savior to save those who have sinned. The Christian religion believes that Jesus Christ was a messiah, the promised and expected deliver of the world. The Christians also believe that Jesus will return again on the Final Day of Judgment. Similar to the Christian faith, Judaism also believes that a hero will arrive;...

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