1 Nikogrel

Al-Qaeda Terrorism Essay

Hammond Exam on September 11 2001 Al

View Full EssayWords: 2863Length: 8 PagesDocument Type: EssayPaper #: 58732893

Hammond Exam

On September 11, 2001, Al Qaeda attacked the heart of the American economy causing not only losses in terms of property and financial damage, but also widespread terror and fear which extended far beyond the borders of the United States of America affecting the world as a whole. Like any other nation, the foremost interest of the United States is national security[footnoteRef:1], which entails not only the security of the American people, but also the security of the American soil. Since American leadership has always looked towards a better future, the moral aim is to eliminate any such danger that exists in the 21st century, leading to a more peaceful, globalized near future[footnoteRef:2]. President arrack Obama clearly stated in his speech that had there been no such risk, the troops deployed in Afghanistan would be ordered back home immediately. This objective of preserving national security, however, is aimed…… [Read More]


Dagne, Ted, Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace, August 31, 2011, 3-4

Testimony by Menkhaus, Ken, Horn of Africa: Current Conditions and U.S. Policy, Hearing before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health, June 17, 2010

International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), Afghanistan Commander Counterinsurgency Guidance, 1-4

Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq, Report to Congress, March 2009, 1

Al Qaeda Terrorist Group Essay

Al Qaeda is the leading multi-national Islamic terrorist network. It was founded and is still led by Osama Bin Laden, a multimillionaire from Saudi Arabia who became an active Islamist in 1979, when he went to Afghanistan to fight the Soviet Union. Though Al Qaeda financially and operationally supports Islamist terror groups around the globe, its core remains Bin Laden and the Arabs who fought alongside him during the 1980's. This paper will talk about the history and structure of Al Qaeda, along with some of the operations and activities Al Qaeda has carried out in the past and the participants before and after the fall of the Taliban in Afghanistan.

The origins of Al Qaeda are rooted in the Afghanistan resistance to the Soviet invasion from 1979 to 1989. Believing that the war with the Soviet Union was a holy battle between Islam and the infidel, Osama Bin Laden, the son of a wealthy Saudi contractor, traveled to Afghanistan to aid in the fight. At the time of the war, Afghanistan lacked both the infrastructure and manpower for a long-drawn-out war. Osama Bin Laden joined forces with Sheikh Dr. Abdullah Azzam, leader of the Palestinian Muslim Brotherhood, to establish the Maktab al-Khidamat (MAK) or the Afghan Services Bureau. The goal of the Afghan Services Bureau or MAK was to recruit Muslim fighters from around the world to fight in Afghanistan. Bin Laden paid for the Muslin fighters transportation and training, while Afghan locals provided land and resources. In 1988, Bin Laden broke ties with Abdullah Azzam and formed Al Qaeda (The Base) and declared his own jihad on a worldwide scale. Ironically, Azzam died in a car bombing in 1989, apparently carried out by his rivals in Afghanistan.

After the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, Bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia to combat what he saw as an infidel Saudi government. Bin Laden, further angered by the United States presence in Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War, became even more outspoken. Bin Laden, along with his immediate family and his loyal band of followers moved to Sudan. In 1994, the Saudi government revoked Bin Laden's citizenship for his opposition to the Saudi government. While in Sudan, Bin Laden established businesses, paved roads, built an airport, and created training camps to supply out of work mujahedin or holy warrior with jobs.

As the Sudanese relations with the United Stated improved in 1996, the government of Sudan asked Bin Laden to leave the country. Enraged, Bin Laden returned to Afghanistan where he established his ties with the Taliban movement. In Afghanistan, Bin Laden established numerous training camps and a terrorist infrastructure. This infrastructure supported a number of plots against the United States and its citizens. These plots included the bombings of the African Embassies in 1998 and the September 11, 2001 attacks. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks against America, American-led forces toppled the Taliban regime in...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Attacks on World Trade Center analysis

2301 words - 9 pages The Attacks on the World Trade Center on September, 11 2001The attack on the World Trade Center on the 11th of September was an attack that had a drastic effect on the whole world. On September 11th around 8:46 am the first group of 5 hijackers crashed American Airlines Flight 11 into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York. Seventeen minutes later around 9:03 another five hijackers crashed United Airlines Flight 175 into...

Describe and Evaluate the political ideology of contemporary al-Qaeda.

3299 words - 13 pages 1. IntroductionThis essay aims to describe and evaluate the political ideology of contemporary al Qaeda. This will be achieved by providing a history of al Qaeda, as well as a brief explanation of the organizational structure of the group. There will be reference made to the goals and objectives of al Qaeda, and the names and positions of key figures within the group. The essay will then explain the concept of 'ideology' by providing a...

Madrid and London bombing comparison

1000 words - 4 pages 2004 Madrid Bombings & 2005 London BombingsIn 2004 and 2005, two major scale terrorist attacks occurred in almost exactly the same nature. In 2004, four commuter trains in Madrid were destroyed by terrorists, killing 191 people and wounding another 2050. The London attacks were next, having three underground trains hit by suicide...

Is Al Qaeda still Alive?

2062 words - 8 pages The debate between Bruce Hoffman and Marc Sageman over the perceived threat posed by Al-Qaeda is an intriguing one. Both Hoffman and Sageman are well known terrorist experts and present an interesting thesis in support of their respective arguments. Hoffman argues that Al-Qaeda is still active after reconstructing itself in the Tribal Areas in Pakistan, and therefore, the threat posed by Al-Qaeda cannot be discredited. However, Sageman...

Al-Qaeda and the US Patriot Act

1782 words - 7 pages Abstract This paper is on the terrorist group Al-Qaeda and the US Patriot Act. This paper will discuss the history, ideology, structure, targets and tactics of Al-Qaeda. I will discuss the history and goals of the US Patriot Act as well as the controversy that surrounds it. Finally I will discuss how the US Patriot Act serves as a deterrent to Al-Qaeda by enhancing domestic security against terrorism, enhancing surveillance procedures and...


1658 words - 7 pages For non-Muslims, "jihad" is perhaps one of the most feared and most misunderstood religious concepts around, which conjures at its worse, bloody war on those who oppose the followers of Islam, and at its best, a holy war. A very much feared and hated group associated with the term jihad is the terrorist organization "Al-Qaeda." Notorious for being the

Counterterrorism Specialist

748 words - 3 pages As a counterterrorism specialist, the first things you must know are who the terrorist are, and what their plans are. This is a critical first step in defeating terrorist. However, having confiscated the Al Qaeda training manual from an apartment of a suspected terrorist and then having that fact made public world wide must have sent the group into a...


1837 words - 7 pages Al QaedaAl Qaeda is an Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in Pakistan between August 1988 and late 1989.It operates as a stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad and a strict interpretation...

Leaderless Jihad

1513 words - 6 pages A decade after the war on terror began, the United States has made a concerted effort to boost funding for effective counterterrorism policy. The efforts of the US intelligence agencies to destroy Al Qaeda has created a massive counterterrorism infrastructure but policy makers need to know how to best use Government spending to effectively stop terrorists. A question that Marc Sageman’s book might cause readers to ask is, “Does the US...

The Roots of the Terrorist Attacks of 9/11

1507 words - 6 pages The causes of the 9/11 terrorist attacks are rooted deeper than most Americans realize. The trail of historical events that led to this catastrophe are widely unknown. Many Americans believe that the war on terror began with the tragedy of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and ended with the death of Osama Bin Laden, but in reality, the war on terror has a long and complicated history. This paper will explore the...

Overview and Comparison of Three Types of Terrorism

2067 words - 8 pages Introduction This paper will talk about three different types of terrorism. A background of each type will be provided to understand the motivations and goals. The first type that will be discussed is religious terrorism. The second type that will be discussed is suicide terrorism. The third and last type that will be discussed is nationalist terrorism. Each type of terrorism has distinct differences in their goals, motivations, strategy,...

Leave a Comment


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *