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Neolithic Revolution Essay Conclusion

The Pros and Cons of the Neolithic Revolution Essay

933 WordsNov 21st, 20134 Pages

Introduction

In the 1930's, V. Gordon Childe proposed that the shift to food production was one of the two major events in human history that improved the condition of human societies. Childe described the origins of agriculture as a 哲eolithic Revolution.But the shift from hunting and gathering to food production was not as advantageous to humanity as Childe believed. Although there were benefits, there were also serious drawbacks, and humans paid a price for the advantages of agriculture.

The Neolithic, the period in history in which food production became widespread, began around 10,200 B.C, first appearing in Southwest Asia, and lasted until 4000 to 2200 B.C. The cultivation of vegetables and domestication was becoming…show more content…

(Haviland et al 2011: 241) Trade increased and many settlements became wealthy. These wealthy communities could support some people as artists and priests. Catal Hyuk is an example of astounding neolithic art, much of which adorns religion shrines. (Levack et al 2009:5)

Metalurgy first made an appearance in Europe during the Neolithic. (Levack et al 2009:16) Architecture improved and in many areas dwellings were made with sturdy supplies like stone and brick. Some villages, particularly in Southwest Asia, were surrounded by impressive stone walls for protection against enemies. (Leonard 1973:18)

Disadvantages of Food Production

Sanitation and Disease

People living in sedentary villages in the Neolithic experienced worsened health and mortality. Sedentary life brought with it sanitation problems like garbage and human waste accumulate, which contributed to disease. The close association between humans and animals was also key to the transmission of many infectious diseases. Higher mortality rates were offset by increased fertility. (Haviland et al 2011: 249) Dependence on the Environment

When humans turned to agriculture, they had to depend on the weather for crop production and a good harvest, which did not always turn out to their favour. Neolithic farmers faced drought,

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Turning points changed history. Turning points have had significant and lasting impact on human development. The Neolithic Revolution was one such point.  The Neolithic Revolution was a major change from the Paleolithic Revolution. It went from hunting and gathering to farming. Migration occurred for in search of food. Soon enough, nomads learned to farm and cultural diffusion started and trade which were one of many main reasons from the change to the Neolithic Revolution from the Paleolithic Revolution.

The Neolithic Revolution made a major impact on the course of events on human history. There were many advancements made as tools, agriculture and the domestication of animals. Families could settle and produced their own food and crops. The eight elements of culture or the way people lived contributed in people’s lives a lot and still to this day. Politics which is government and laws, protection and the start of leaders in a city, soon developed by the rise of civilizations. Economy is the way a culture gets the things it needs such as farming and trade.

Religion is beliefs and rituals of a culture, which follows art, the expressions of a cultures idea. Geography is the land, location, and resources. Language plays a big part for communication, the starting of the writing system. The customs are traditions of a culture. Society the last element, the type of people in a culture. Civilizations gave a steady food supply, advanced technology, form of writing, architecture, religion, laws and specialized jobs.

In conclusion, the Neolithic Revolution has impacted the development of civilization and is one of many turning points in all of mankind. Community, writing systems, population increase, religion, and more contributed to humans lives in many ways, from the beginning of the Neolithic Revolution. The starting of homes happened and advanced things people still use today happened from the Neolithic Revolution.

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