1 Arashishicage

Cow Essay In Telugu Language India

As part of project Hindutva, Shome Basu documents how badly cows are treated and monetised despite being considered the holiest among all animals.

Stray cows left to fend for themselves. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

“Cow is our mother. It is the most important domestic animal. It gives us a very healthy and nutritious food called milk. It is a pet animal and many people keep her in their houses for many purposes. It is not a wild animal and found in many parts of the world. Everyone gives respect to the cow like a mother. The cow is worshipped in India as a goddess from the ancient time. People in India bring her at home as a dhan Lakshmi. The cow is considered as the holiest animal among all the animals. It is found in many varieties differentiating in the shape, size, colour, etc….”

This essay on cows is studied by school children in most parts of India.

A man kisses a cow as it holds a greater position than his own elders in the family. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

Such indoctrination since childhood would compel children to have a ‘holy’ view towards this useful animal. While working on project ‘Hindutva,’ I encountered numerous gau rakshaks (cow protectors) who vehemently disagreed when I cite that a calf is often kept away from a milking cow, a practice that is inhuman.But they do not consider it as torture, instead a logic of livelihood.

Bajrang Dal activists in Dwarkadhish temple in Mathura’s Vrindavan. They say that they only attack people when they do not get their protection money or money from extortion. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

Cow vigilantes, known as gau rakshaks, at their swearing in ceremony, where they vow to kill anyone who misbehaves with cows, specially Muslims. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

In rural India, the cow is considered a part of the family. Cows produce milk and other important dairy products.

Gau seva and taking blessings of the animal are common Hindu traditions. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

In Mathura, outside the Krishna temple, cows are seen eating garbage, including plastic bags, which often unknowingly asphyxiate the animal. Yet so called cow lovers casually walk away despite seeing the animal chewing on plastic.

Cows remain revered, called the ‘mother’. But problems arise when the animal is used as food.

There is absolutely no issue when a cow, ox or a bull is used to till the field and carry tons of weight.

There may be a fixation with the holiness of the cow, yet it remains badly treated.

A cow eating temple garbage, which includes plastic and other toxic material like lead at Dwarkadhish temple in Vrindavan. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

In the 1970s, my father bought two New Zealander cows. Some swadeshi idea made him do so and I still remember big cans of milk that reached our home. My father belonged to a zamindari household. After becoming a refugee post Partition, he had settled and tried to build a mini zamindari system around him.

The cow thus became part of our lives. But my mother fought to use pasteurised milk because fresh cow milk had an unbearable smell and hair from the hide, which was unhygienic. Later, we all came to know the caretaker used injections with a 50cc syringe to insert some medicine and yield more milk so that he could sell the cows for more money.

Cows in Vrindavan. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire


No proper shelter for cows as it looks around for grass in the hinterlands of Uttar Pradesh. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire


Bullock carts are a common sight in Indian villages. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

In a village in Bengal, I saw a buffalo sacrifice. When asked why a buffalo was being sacrificed and not a cow, the men nearly attacked me.

Animal sacrifice is common in Hindu tradition. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire


Animal sacrifice. Credit: Shome Basu/ The Wire

In the end, I realised that the people who profess love for the cow and ready to kill in its name have done nothing but monetise the creature in the name of God.

In the guise of saving cows, a powerful political tool has been created. All animals have a sacred place in Hindu scriptures. From a rat (at Ganesha’s aide) to buffalo (Yama’s aide) to snakes, lions and elephants. But why is the cow holier than these?

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What to read next:

This article is about cattle feces. For feces used as fertiliser, see Manure. For the English slang word, see Bullshit.

Cow dung, also known as cow pats, cow pies or cow manure, is the waste product of bovine animal species. These species include domestic cattle ("cows"), bison ("buffalo"), yak, and water buffalo. Cow dung is the undigested residue of plant matter which has passed through the animal's gut. The resultant faecal matter is rich in minerals. Color ranges from greenish to blackish, often darkening soon after exposure to air.


Cow dung, which is usually a dark brown color (usually combined with soiled bedding and urine) is often used as manure (agricultural fertilizer). If not recycled into the soil by species such as earthworms and dung beetles, cow dung can dry out and remain on the pasture, creating an area of grazing land which is unpalatable to livestock.

In many parts of the developing world, and in the past in mountain regions of Europe, caked and dried cow dung is used as fuel.

Dung may also be collected and used to produce biogas to generate electricity and heat. The gas is rich in methane and is used in rural areas of India and Pakistan and elsewhere to provide a renewable and stable source of electricity.[1]

In central Africa, Maasai villages have burned cow dung inside to repel mosquitos. In cold places, cow dung is used to line the walls of rustic houses as a cheap thermal insulator. Most of villagers in India spray fresh cow dung mixed with water in front of the houses to repel insects. It is also dried into cake like shapes and used as replacement for firewood.

Cow dung is also an optional ingredient in the manufacture of adobe mud brick housing depending on the availability of materials at hand.[2]

A deposit of cow dung is referred to in American English as a "cow chip," or less commonly "cow pie," and in British English as a "cowpat".[3] When dry, it is used in the practice of "cow chip throwing" popularized in Beaver, Oklahoma in 1970.[4][5] On April 21, 2001 Robert Deevers of Elgin, Oklahoma, set the record for cow chip throwing with a distance of 185 feet 5 inches (56.52 m).[6]

Cow dung is also used in Hindu religious fire yajna as an important ingredient.[7]


Cow dung provides food for a wide range of animal and fungus species, which break it down and recycle it into the food chain and into the soil.

In areas where cattle (or other mammals with similar dung) are not native, there are often also no native species which can break down their dung, and this can lead to infestations of pests such as flies and parasitic worms. In Australia, dung beetles from elsewhere have been introduced to help recycle the cattle dung back into the soil. (see the Australian Dung Beetle Project and Dr. George Bornemissza).[8]

Cattle have a natural aversion to feeding around their own dung. This can lead to the formation of taller ungrazed patches of heavily fertilized sward. These habitat patches, termed "islets", can be beneficial for many grassland arthropods, including spiders (Araneae) and bugs (Hemiptera). They have an important function in maintaining biodiversity in heavily utilized pastures.[9]


A buffalo chip, also called a meadow muffin, is the name for a large, flat, dried piece of dung deposited by the American bison. Well dried buffalo chips were among the few things that could be collected and burned on the prairie and were used by the Plains Indians, settlers and pioneers, and homesteaders as a source of cooking heat and warmth.

Bison dung is sometimes referred to by the name nik-nik. This word is a borrowing from the Sioux language (which probably originally borrowed it from a northern source). In modern Sioux, nik-nik can refer to the feces of any bovine, including domestic cattle. It has also come to be used, especially in Lakota, to refer to lies or broken promises, analogously to the vulgar English term "bullshit" as a figure of speech.

See also[edit]


Mound of cow dung fuel, India

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