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Essay About Sustainable Tourism History

Sustainable Tourism Essay

IntroductionOver the years, globalization has brought upon increasing volume of tourism. The impacts of tourism can be positive as well as negative ones; such impacts affect the country's socio-culture, environment and economy sector. In order to minimize the negative impacts of tourism, developing a long-term viability plan to making tourism sustainable is essential. Alterative tourism (AT) has always been looked upon as the prescribed medicine to making tourism sustainable. However, AT does have its limitations and it is only a partial solution to making tourism sustainable, concentrating on this approach might be a time bomb or a Trojan horse (Butler 1990) Mass Tourism (MT) is currently widely practiced globally, benefiting from the large scale of economy. The purpose and objectives of this essay is to discuss the concept of Sustainable Development (SD), Sustainable Tourism (ST), Volunteer Tourism (VT) and how MT can be handled and hence made sustainable.

1. Sustainable development"To ensure that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (WCED 1987) SD was a concept popularized by the commonly known Bruntland Report. The concept is a desired process of change for all nations to strive for continuity of economic development without straining the environmental and socio-cultural of the community, while ensuring the future generations are able to do the same without depleted resources.

2. Sustainable Tourism"Sustainability principles refer to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, and a suitable balance must be established between these three dimensions to guarantee its long-term sustainability" (WTO, Paul Lansing 2004). According to Macbeth (2005), tourism has embraced one of today's most value-based concepts, it is highly interwoven with SD, it requires the same application of meeting the triple bottom line however focusing more towards the tourism sector. The concept aims to reduce the negative impacts and increase the positive impacts that tourism industry has on the community.

"The principal driving forces affecting landscape are tourism and intensive agriculture" (L.M Valenzuela Montes, A Mataran Ruiz 2008). The use of resources should be conserve wisely thus it does not compromise on the needs of the future generations.

"Fundamental issues need to be addressed in order for sustainable tourism research to move to a more scientific level" (Paul Lansing and Paul De Vries 2006). As mentioned previously ST and SD are interwoven, for ST to take place, the country has to deal with basic issues she faces before achieving a more sustainable...

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3914 Words16 Pages

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Mass Tourism and discriminating tourists, who are only pre-occupied with the "big five" mentality have in the past years contributed to the degradation of the environment and harassment of wildlife.

Thanks to the Eco-tourism concept which has been championed by the tourist destinations globally with a view to changing the big "five" mammal mentality and developing other environmentally friendly types of tourism. Eco- tourism is thus an important concept in tourism development. The latter incorporates a strong commitment to nature and a sense of social responsibility. In this respect, the present and future generations are urged to conserve the environment while the…show more content…

It contributes positively to the naturing and exploitation of cultural heritage of nations. It therefore serves indirectly to improve individual cultural understanding of both residents and foreigners while at the same time contributing to the Gross National Product. At the local level domestic tourism creates understanding and appreciation of the attractions thereby contributing to sustainable tourism development.

4.3 ECO-TOURISM IN KENYA - A CASE STUDY

Since independence in 1963 , Kenya has been a leader in the field of conservation of wildlife and biodiversity both aquatic and land based. The Kenya National Tourism Development Master Plan beyond the year 2000 focuses on better distribution of tourists so as to relieve stress on existing areas of visitation, thereby minimising environmental degregation. These aforementioned nobel objectives will be achieved through:-

· Improved travel conditions to less visited touristic areas.

· incorporation of nature and culture as major considerations. In order to be compatible with the popular wildlife and beach attractions, laws pertaining to wildlife conservation reviewed to take the following aspects into account:-

· Integration and sustainable conservation and management of wildlife.

· minimizing human - wildlife

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